Fake news and media literacy in the 21st century
According to Cambridge's definition, “fake news” are fake stories that look like legitimate news and spread fast across the internet and other media to affect the public's political views with a humorous aspect. However, in the last few years, such news has decreased its fun purpose and has increasingly become linked to politics. The internet is a very fertile ground for spreading false news because there is no third party to check the truthfulness of content. Research has found that false political information tends to spread three times faster than other false news. The most prominent example is the 2016 U.S. presidential election of Donald Trump - the findings of a research study titled "Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election", which was conducted after the election, points out that the false news in favor of Donald Trump were produced three times more than those in favor of Hillary Clinton, his rival in the presidential race. In order to recognize fake news, we have to consider the source, trace the website and the author – or in short, we have to possess media literacy. More tips on how to spot fake news, can be found in the infographic.